Pusztavár Castle, which was built on a hill southwest of the town in the 11th century, was the seat of Zólyom County. It originally covered a huge area stretching to the Polish border. It was the private hunting ground of the Hungarian kings of the House of Árpád, and its scarce population served as foresters and rangers. In 1338, as the population was growing, King Charles I of Hungary divided Zólyom County into four counties, which were Zólyom, Liptó, Turóc and Árva. His son, King Louis I, often referred to as Louis the Great or the Knight King, built a hunting castle in Zólyom, because he could reach both his kingdoms, Hungary and Poland, easily from here. Pusztavár Castle was destroyed under unknown circumstances in the second half of the 15th century, and the hunting castle had no real defense value and did not play a serious military role. Balassa Bálint, a Hungarian Renaissance poet, was born here, who fought heroically against the Turks. The statue of Kossuth Lajos, the political leader of the Hungarian Revolution and War of Independence, was removed after the Czechoslovak occupation in 1919. It was found hidden in a farm building in 1943, and later re-erected in Borsi. The town lost its Hungarian population during the persecutions of the 20th century.
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The church was built between 1381 and 1390 in Gothic style. (According to the homepage of the parish, the church was built between 1243 and 1250 in late Romanesque, early Gothic style.) The church was later reconstructed in Renaissance style. It has a Baroque tower. In 1650 a chapel was built to its southern side, which has a Rococo altar of Our Lady of Seven Sorrows from the second half of the 18th century.
The mansion was built in the 17th century and was modified in the second half of the 18th century. It has a late Baroque facade, which is adorned by the coat of arms of its original owners, Urbányi András and his wife Countess Esterházy Mária. The mansion was owned by the Fink family until 1948. Fink Elemér established an ornithological garden behind the mansion in 1924. It had more than 2000 different species of birds.
Rákóczi Ferenc II was the leader of the Hungarian War of Independence between 1703 and 1711.
The statue was unveiled on June 2, 1907. It is the artwork of Mayer Ede. The statue was erected at the initiative of the National Association of Engine Drivers. It was inspired by the countywide joy experienced by the engine drivers in 1906, when the remains of Prince Rákóczi Ferenc II were transported home from Turkey, where the Prince died in exile.
At the end of World War I the Czechoslovak invaders removed this statue as well. The teacher Balassa Géza, who was entrusted with establishing a museum in Zólyom, found the statue in 1943 in a farm building in the courtyard of the town hall. It was wrapped in hay. One of the farmers of Zólyom hid the statue there from the Czechoslovaks.
The statue was reerected in the village of Borsi, where there is also a Rákóczi Castle, in 1969.